What is the domain name of your web page or website?

One of the first steps when starting your web project will be to register a domain. But what are domains and what are they for? Don't worry, you won't have to buy a “virtual land”, or become a feudal lord. Next, we tell you all about the domains.

What is the domain name of your web page or website with domain extension system
What is the domain name of your web page or website?

When starting any project on the Internet, you will begin to run into words and concepts which will probably not have a very clear function or utility: Domain registration, domain extensions, hosting, web design, etc.

From tukwaweb.tech we will try to shed some light on this complicated, but at the same time interesting, issue. But let's go step by step. At the moment, discover the importance of one of them: Internet domains.

What is a domain?

Simplifying it a lot, the domain would be the unique and exclusive name assigned to your website on the Internet. It would be something like the equivalent of the license plate of your car, but applied to your website.
what is the domain name of your website or web page, with the domain extension before looking for we hosting service company
What is the domain name of your website?

Thanks to the domain that you have linked to your website, those users who search for you on the Internet by the name of your website will easily find you and will be able to access your content.
The domain is used to "humanize" the Network and make navigation easier and more accessible to people.
We assume that you will find it easier to remember, for example, the domain tukwaweb.tech than the twelve digits that an IP address can contain multiplied by the dozens of portals and web pages you visit daily .

Internet domain name

Obviously, operation at a technical level is somewhat more complex than that, since what is really behind a domain name is an address to a DNS server (the acronym for Domain Name System ), than to its Once linked to the IP address of the computer where the files that make up your web page are hosted, thus creating a bridge to linking the domain name that users find you with and your web page.
In addition, domain names  allow you to unlink web pages from the IP addresses of the servers where your web files are stored.

That is, if for example, you have your web page hosted in a free hosting service, and you want to improve the performance of your web page by changing it to a company that offers you servers with better performance, you will only have to migrate the files of your web to the new service and configure the domain to point to the address of the new server. But your domain name will remain exactly the same for those who look for you on the Internet.

History of Internet domains

To know the origin of domain names  we must go back to the tender youth of the Internet, when it received the name of ARPANET  and was formed by just a handful of interconnected computers.
ARPANET and the domain name of your web page or website, and the history of domain naming and internet
ARPANET and the domain name of your web page or website

Before using this domain system, all ARPANET computers were registered in a file called hosts.txt that synchronized on all the computers that were part of the network. That way everyone knew everyone's addresses.
They soon discovered that this system was inefficient and decided to centralize the file on a single server, a fact that soon after, and as ARPANET was growing, it would not be too successful either as continuous synchronization errors occurred.
Given this situation, engineers Paul Mockapetris and Jon Postel proposed to create a domain name system that would be administered by the US Department of Defense.
This system would allow you to associate  previously registered domain names with IP addresses of connected computers in a simpler way.
That was the seed of what would later become the Internet and that basically maintains the same concept today.

Jon Postel with the Internet map

Following this new organization by domain names, domain extensions were added that would allow cataloging and better structuring the use made of the different domains.

Thus, in 1985 six domain extensions began to be used that are still valid today: .com (commerce), .net (network infrastructure), .org (organizations), .gov (government and public entities), .mil ( US Department of Defense) and .edu (education services).

Anatomy of domain names

The domain name is made up of two parts: name and domain extension .

The name is the one that really identifies you to your visitors. This should be easy to remember and relate to your business.

It can use your name as your domain name, any name or phrase that can be related to the theme of your website or the name of your business. In the case of this portal, the name would be tukwaweb.

If the choice of a domain name for your website is important, your domain extension is not least because the same domain name can have several different extensions such as Google.com, Google.es, Google.fr, etc...
However, talking about the extension of the domain or top-level Domain, as this part of the domain is technically called, the most administrative part falls since it is the one that determines the correct structuring and cataloging of the Internet.
What is the domain name extension of your web page or website
What is the domain name extension of your web page or website?

The extensions must be consistent with the activity of the website or with its geographical location and must be approved by the regulatory body that administers them called ICANN (Internet Corporation for the Assignment of names and numbers of Domains ).
These administrative procedures have to be done by domain name registrars, who are accredited companies before ICANN and represent you to carry out all the procedures so that the domain you have chosen can begin to function.


Domain Management Organizations

As you have seen, ICANN is at the top of the administrative pyramid of Internet domains .

ICANN is a non-profit organization that manages the assignment and administration of domains and guarantees that they are not repeated in any case.

However, ICANN directly manages only a certain kind of generic domains, gTLDs (the acronym for generic top level Domains).

The so-called ccTLD domains (of the acronym in D ominio of geographic superior level ) are managed by non-profit organizations of each country and supervised by ICANN, which act as sponsoring or promoting agency. To this category belong the .es (for Spain), .cat (for Catalonia), or the recent .gal (for Galicia) and .eus (for Euskadi) .

ICANN manages domains worldwide

Is a .com domain the same as a .biz or .tech domains?
Since the domain extension fulfills a structuring function, there are some limits and conditions for using one or another domain extension.

There are Generic general-purpose domains that are directly managed by ICANN and that, although they were initially restricted to a specific activity, can now be used freely regardless of the theme of your website. Some examples of this type of domains are .com , .net , .org , etc.

There are also restricted Generic domains . These types of domains are also managed by ICANN, but to use them, a series of rules must be met.

For example, the .biz extension (business) cannot be used by private users, only by companies or businesses.
Some domains managed by sponsoring or promoting agencies also impose certain restrictions to grant some of the domains they administer.

For example, the extension .cat can only be used when the web activity takes place in Catalonia or its theme is related to the Catalan culture or language.

Breach of restrictions for domains imposed by these  sponsoring or promoting agencies or by ICANN  can lead to the cancellation of the domain and users would no longer find you on the network.

ICANN has recently allowed the registration of new domain extensions per activity, so you can find more than 1,400 new extensions such as .tech, .xyz, .web , .tienda, etc.

This opens a new range of possibilities to choose and register your domain name for your website. You can now register more representative domain domains

How to request a domain

  1. Applying for a domain cannot be easier.
  2. Simply access the website of an accredited domain registrar  as 1 & 1.
  3. Then use your domain search engine to choose a domain name that helps your visitors find you on the network and select an appropriate domain extension based on the theme, location or purpose of your website.
  4. Then check if the domain name is available or has already been registered. If the domain name is already registered you will not be able to use it, so you should try again with another domain name or change the extension.
  5. The registry administration entity (ICANN or sponsoring territorial entities) is responsible for setting the base price that the domains will have.

From that base price, each accredited domain registrar adds the costs of carrying out the registration management and domain maintenance services that can be included.

For this reason you will find different prices depending on the type of domain extension chosen and the registrar.


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