Shared or dedicated hosting: direct comparison of both hosting models

Shared or dedicated hosting: direct comparison of both hosting models
Shared or dedicated hosting: direct comparison of both hosting models
Bringing a web application to the market is not a simple task. In addition to planning, technical and content creation, the choice of an environment for adequate hosting, since the lack of hardware adapted to your needs would unnecessarily limit the chances of success and growth of the web project. That is why it is necessary to consider from the outset exactly what capabilities are needed, both in the short and long term, as well as what means of financing are available to the project.
If you do not operate with your own server, but want to rent space from a provider , probably the most frequent results of your searches are shared hosting and dedicated hosting. These two models of Hosting , both older than the now ubiquitous cloud hosting , are characterized by their different approaches to distribution or allocation of hardware resources (among several commercial pages). To find out exactly what this means and how dedicated and shared hosting differ in aspects such as cost, performance and security, read this article to the end.

What we will disclose in this article 
  • Dedicated hosting and shared hosting: what is hidden behind these terms?
  • Summary of the differences between shared hosting and dedicated hosting
  • Shared Hosting vs. dedicated hosting: summary
  • Dedicated hosting and shared hosting: what is hidden behind these terms?

Dedicated hosting and shared hosting: what is hidden behind these terms?

When contracting services from a web hosting provider, hardware is being rented in which to operate a web project. The provider offers ready-made servers, with the necessary computing power in the form of CPUs and working memories, as well as hard disk space for the operating system, network server, databases, etc. to work.
If you decide on a dedicated hosting (only for you) , the provider will assign you one or more specific servers whose resources will be exclusively at your disposal. The shared hosting , however, works differently: Although this model provider also normally awarded one or more specific servers, the resources are shared with other customers. In other words, only your projects are operated on a dedicated server, while other users' web applications are also operated on a shared one.

Summary of the differences between shared hosting and dedicated hosting

At first glance, there seems to be no big difference for customers between a dedicated hosting and a shared hosting pack: after all, the rented resources are managed in both cases from a distance , so in principle it is not noticeable if in the Target server also saves data from other clients or not. However, factors such as cost, security or utilization rate immediately reveal that, in practice, both hosting models are very different. To facilitate the right choice for your web project, we have summarized the most important differences between shared hosting and dedicated hosting in this comparison.

Sites hosted on the server (server-hosted sites)

As already mentioned, the main difference between dedicated hosting and shared hosting is that in the latter, the server not only hosts your projects, but also the websites of other clients. Users of this model cannot decide how many users compare hosting resources or know what kind of web projects their server partners have. With dedicated hosting, on the other hand, you know at all times what data is stored on the server that you have rented, since you are the only client that has access to it.

Security and data protection

Regardless of whether your website is hosted on your own server or on a rented one, security is always essential. The protective measures against malware, data theft, attacks DDoS and brute force attacks are part of mandatory equipment for any web administrator responsible.

The requirements to fulfill this responsibility differ greatly between shared hosting and dedicated hosting: dedicated hosting users must install, configure and monitor security measures and applications themselves such as firewalls. In the case of shared servers , however, it is the provider who is responsible for installing and controlling basic security measures, so that the user only takes an active role in this regard if he wants to install additional measures. It should be remembered that sharing the hardware with other users increases the risk for everyone, especially if a server is shared with clients who carry out insecure or less serious web projects.

 Note
With regard to the protection of sensitive user data, and especially on websites, the European GDPR should be taken as a reference . In this sense, in addition, care must be taken when choosing a web hosting provider: it is important that the server is located in Europe, that it has a basic encryption and that it stores the data securely , regardless of whether it is a dedicated or shared hosting model .

Bandwidth and performance in hosting your website

A key factor in the choice of web hosting provider. The computer centers of the provider usually have excellent Internet connection, a requirement to be able to transmit the enormous amounts of data of the different clients from one place to another at the maximum speed. In spite of this, of course, each client's server has a bandwidth limit so that everyone obtains stable and lossless performance. In this sense there is a significant difference between shared and dedicated hosting.
In both cases, a minimum or maximum bandwidth is agreed with the supplier, when drafting the contract. On a shared server, however, the principle of sharing resources may in practice it implies a considerable decrease in the bandwidth agreed upon if the web project of another client has already exceeded its limit and is limiting the resources of other users. It is what is known as the effect noisy neighbor, which causes, among other things, long loading times, overloaded web servers and technical failures , leaving many customers dissatisfied. Such noisy neighbors are usually thrown out of service by web hosting providers if they reoccur in this type of bandwidth abuse.

Control over the rented server

The choice between dedicated or shared hosting also comes into play how much control over the contracted server is needed or desired. On a dedicated server you usually have the root permissions and with them the possibility of installing the scripts and programs you want. In addition, you can change at your whim all the server and operating system settings. That also means, on the other hand, that you have greater responsibility and that you have to take care of yourself, for example, updates and maintenance.
In shared hosting, on the other hand, there is no such obligation: the update and maintenance of the server and the installed software is entirely the responsibility of the provider. For this reason, since this also has to ensure that each user only has access to their own server and website, the access rights of each client are much more limited than in dedicated hosting. The software installation or changes in the central configuration of the server can only be made by the provider, for which the client must first contact him or her, thus preventing many spontaneous or short-term changes.

 Advice
Check in advance what software(operating system, CMS, databases, programming languages, etc.) supports the hosting provider on a shared server to be sure that it has all the necessary components for your web project or that, in case of doubt, the to nothing.

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IP blacklisting risk

One of the biggest concerns of website administrators is to end up in the blacklists of search engines and thus be automatically deleted from the results. If this happens, your web project would be virtually invisible to many web users: apart from those who type the URL directly in the address bar, only those who find it through links will see it.
Basically it is in your hand to prevent such a thing from happening: you just have to adjust to the rules of the search engines when designing your website and host it with a reliable provider. If you opt for a shared server, however, there is a risk of having asserver mates to administrators who violate the rules or who directly send spam and malware through their website. In these cases it is possible that Google and the like put the entire IP range on their blacklist. Using a dedicated server, however, there is no such risk.

Costs of the web hosting

Not surprisingly, the prices of shared hosting and dedicated hosting are also quite different. In the dedicated hosting an entire server is rented with its full capacity, so the provider requires, of course, a higher price. This exclusivity is much more expensive than if an equivalent shared server was used, in which the costs would also be distributed among the users following the same principle as with the resources. This lower price can be a good option especially if you don't need much computing power or storage space for the web project in question. For this reason, shared hosting is demanded especially in the private sector and for small businesses .

Advice
With a good web hosting company you can always host your website at a good price on dedicated servers of great power. All without installation fee or minimum deadlines!

Shared Hosting vs. dedicated hosting: summary

The exposed points make it clear that dedicated hosting and shared hosting are aimed at different types of customers. The dedicated servers are the best choice for those looking for a hosting option with maximum freedom and are also willing to pay more for it. For clients with a smaller budget , on the other hand, a shared server is the most appropriate, as long as aspects such as power and server administration are not the most important for the project. These group servers are also a good option for projects that need few hardware resources and that, therefore, could not take advantage of the full capacity of a dedicated server.

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